What Causes Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Male sexual stimulation is a multifaceted process that involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles and blood vessels.

Main causes of ED

Main causes of ED

Physical Causes of ED

In most cases, erectile dysfunction can be caused by physical issues such as heart disease, clogged blood vessels (atherosclerosis), high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, cholesterol, Parkinson’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Low testosterone, Peyronie’s disease (development of scar tissue inside the penis), certain prescription medications, tobacco use, alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse, treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate, surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord. 

The majority of erectile dysfunction can be linked to common conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking or obesity. Certain medications (those that treat blood pressure or psychiatric conditions like depression) and prostate cancer treatments can potentially lead to erectile dysfunction.

Psychological Causes of ED

Forming an erection can be affected by the brain and your fluctuating emotions and hormone levels.  Sexual feelings can be obstructed which can lead to erectile dysfunction if you have depression, anxiety, mental health problems, stress, relationship conflicts/issues.